ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Ghazala ShahabuddinSubscribe to Ghazala Shahabuddin

The Tiger’s Last Stand

Both the immediate and long-term causes of tiger mortality in Sariska, particularly in the context of the larger challenges surrounding protected area management in India, are explored in this article. It is necessary to restore the Sariska forests using sound principles of ecosystem management along with increased local participation and better community outreach.

An Elephantine Task

An assessment of the task force report, both in terms of the value of its recommendations and implementability and a comparison with the implementation of the Tiger Task Force recommendations of 2005.

Creation of 'Inviolate Space'

An inequitable and top-down approach, lacking scientific, historical and socio-economic considerations, has historically exemplified protected area management strategy in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan. Attempts to evict local villagers without evidence of effective rehabilitation measures are a natural corollary of this policy. This paper appraises the role of village relocation as a management tool for wildlife conservation in the reserve by (1) documenting the forest dependency and livelihood conflicts faced by local residents who will be displaced; (2) identifying the aspirations of the proposed oustees in relation to the proposed displacement; and (3) studying the process of relocation planning and the rehabilitation package. It also suggests more participatory and rational ways to deal with the issue.

Pushed over the Edge

In the interests of tiger conservation, the gujjar community of Sariska, like other marginalised groups, is now faced with the prospect of relocation and an uncertain future. Rehabilitation measures as proposed by the state appear inadequate; such efforts, to be truly effective, need to ensure the participation of the affected people in deciding their own rehabilitation.

Relocation of People from Wildlife Areas

Debates on relocation of affected communities from areas declared protected still appear, in many cases, to closely mirror similar concerns in the 19th and early 20th centuries, when forest management was tailored to suit colonial interests. However, as a recent seminar on relocation revealed, there has been of late a significant improvement in approaches adopted towards relocation as increasing numbers of forest managers seek to sensitively consider aspects of equity and justice. But while a comprehensive approach linking PA management with people's livelihoods on a regional scale is needed, such approaches also need to be locale-specific rather than a blueprint solution to meet all needs.

An Unresolved Debate

Towards Coexistence: People, Parks and Wildlife by V Saberwal, M Rangarajan and A Kothari; Orient Longman, Delhi, 2000.

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