ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Jaspal SinghSubscribe to Jaspal Singh

Regional Variation in Consumption Expenditure and Nutritional Intake and its Determinants: an Empirical Study of Madhya Pradesh

The 2030 Agenda for eradicating poverty and hunger, Sustainable Development Goals made progress in its blueprint and reaffirmed to eradicate poverty (SDG 1), end hunger, and improve nutrition (SDG 2) by 2030. The objective of this article is to study the changing status of consumption expenditure and nutrition intake over time in Madhya Pradesh. Further, it makes a comparative analysis of the consumption expenditure and nutrition intake in regions by mapping the districts to know the areas that lagged behind in terms of the growth rate of consumption expenditure and nutrition. Finally, it also identifies the factors that determine the consumption expenditure and nutrition intake. This study is based on the National Sample Survey unit-level household consumption expenditure data for 2011–12. The Shivpuri, Guna, and Ashok Nagar districts have high growth rates of protein intake in the northern region. However, the Sagar, Damoh, and Sehore districts have moderate growth rates, and the Vidisha, Bhopal, and Raisen districts have high growth rates in fat intake giving insights of more oil intake and consumption outside the home in the central region of Madhya Pradesh. The results of the two-stage feasible generalized least squares model support the existing literature showing that various determinants have significant effects on the dependent variables. The government should target the expenditure on social security at the young and elderly people in different districts of the state. The pulses should be brought under the Public Distribution System and government should target the region-specific policies that target the lagged regions of the states, which replicate the success stories of the advanced ones.

What Drives Transitions in Milk Productivity?

The trend in milk productivity and its association with breed improvement, feeding and animal husbandry practices, and effi ciency in dairy farming at the household level are examined using the representative cost of cultivation surveys in Punjab. Although milk yield at the farm level is rising due to the increasing adoption of cross-bred cattle and changing composition of animal rations, evidence is found to support the argument to popularise cross-bred technology for realising a higher milk yield. However, the rising trend in milk yield coexists with declining effi ciency levels in milk production.

Changes in Rural Economy of India, 1971 to 2012

The transition in the rural economy in the last four decades is examined based on the analysis of growth and composition of output and employment. A reduction in the share of agriculture, and a dominance of non-farm activities in the rural economy is noted from 2004–05 onwards. However, agriculture continues to be the predominant source of employment. Employment in the construction sector increased substantially, but was not large enough to absorb workers leaving agriculture, resulting in a decline in rural employment after 2004–05. A serious imbalance has emerged in output and employment in different sectors in rural areas requiring urgent attention to create jobs in manufacturing, services, and construction. Creation of jobs in rural areas requires a complete rethink of rural industrialisation.

Social Background of Trade Union Leaders

Social Background of Trade Union Leaders Jaspal Singh The object of this paper is to explore some similarities and differences amongst trade union leaders in terms of a set of variables pertaining to their social background' The intention is to ascertain how and why these characteristics promote or hinder occupation of the rote of a leader.

The Indian Institutes of Technology-Do They Contribute to Social Mobility

Do They Contribute to Social Mobility?
C Rajagopalan Jaspal Singh The llTs were intended to be a kind of model institution designed to play a leading role in promoting engineering and technological education. This paper presents an analysis of the social background of the First-Year students at one of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT), The data presented in this paper were collected through personal interviews, employing a formal interview schedule, of 237 students who represented 86.5 per cent of the total admissions in 1966 in the Indian Institute of Technology under study.

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