ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by L VenkatachalamSubscribe to L Venkatachalam

Doubling India’s Farm Incomes

The Government of India aims to double farm incomes by 2022. A mechanism of payment for ecosystem services, which would compensate farmers for the value of the non-market agroecosystem services they produce, would address the issues of farm income and the deep ecological crisis in agriculture. This strategy would be within the fiscal ability of the government and would only use the existing allocation for agriculture. The institutional framework required to implement PES already exists. If properly implemented, PES could persuade Indian farmers to adopt ecologically sensitive agricultural practices which, in turn, could double farm income.

Payment for Ecosystem Services to Sustain Kudimaramathu in Tamil Nadu

The Tamil Nadu government is attempting to revive the institution of kudimaramathu by leveraging a scheme sponsored by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Developmentto rejuvenate small waterbodies in the state. How a payment for ecosystem services system can incentivise village panchayats to engage in tank management and, in turn, ensure the sustainability and longevity of the community-based programme beyond the life of the project is explored.

Payment for Ecosystem Services

Paying farmers for ecosystem services that they provide could be a novel way to achieve multiple goals of doubling the farm incomes, reduce rural–urban migration, reduce pressure on urban infrastructure, and at the same time, incentivise sustainable agrarian practices in India.

Hidden Failure of 'Successful Institutions': Community Management of CPRs

Contrary to the neoclassical assumption that the freeriding behaviour of selfish utility-maximising individuals leads to under-provisioning of common pool resources, Elinor Ostrom empirically demonstrated that communities themselves devise institutions in order to organise collective action to "successfully" manage the cprs in a sustainable, efficient and equitable manner. This paper argues that there is a "hidden failure" even in those cases where community management is claimed to be "successful" within Ostrom's framework.

Damage Assessment and Compensation to Farmers

The verdict of the Loss of Ecology Authority (LEA) constituted to assess the pollution damage caused by tanneries in Tamil Nadu and determine the compensation to the victims of water pollution attracted popular criticism. This article provides academic criticism of the LEA's verdict highlighting how the body failed to incorporate the theoretical and methodological issues of damage assessment as such. The major conclusion is that unless the damage assessment exercise adheres to certain academic principles, the underlying objective of institutional intervention in issues relating to pollution and compensation will not be achieved adequately.

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