ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by M R SalujaSubscribe to M R Saluja

Macroeconomic Impact of Social Protection Programmes in India

Generally, the fiscal implications of social protection programmes are evaluated, but not so much on the economic impacts these schemes have on macro aggregates such as output, employment, income and revenue. This motivated us to evaluate the economic impact of three major social protection programmes, namely, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Indira Awaas Yojana, and the National Social Assistance Programme in 2011-12 using a social accounting matrix. It is found that these programmes have significant impacts on output across different sectors of the economy, on income generation and distribution of different household classes in urban and rural areas, on employment across different sectors of the economy, and even on government revenue generation.

Gross Domestic Product from Services Sector

This paper deals with the methodology and data sources used for estimating gross value added from different categories of services, especially from the unorganised sector. The GVA estimates are first obtained for the benchmark year as a product of workforce estimate with the GVA per worker. These are moved forward to get the corresponding values for subsequent years by making use of physical and price indicators. In this paper we discuss the problems in getting the estimates of workforce for the base year. In most cases consumer price indices are used to estimate GVA per worker at current prices. It also discusses the problems relating to the use of physical indicators. Some suggestions for improving the estimates are given.

Industrial Statistics in India

This paper discusses the different sources of industrial statistics in India, their limitations and methods of filling the data gaps. The paper argues that an enormous amount of resources is being spent on collecting data from the follow-up surveys of the Central Statistical Organisation and the Development Commissioner of Small-Scale Industries; but the database for the unorganised sector is still not reliable. A coordinated effort by the CSO and DC-SSI could, with the same amount of resources, enhance the reliability of the database.

Rural-Urban Disparities

This paper is based on the most recent primary household level data obtained from a survey on income, expenditure, poverty measures for 1994-95 and human development indicators for 1996 in rural and urban India as a part of the project Micro Impact of Macro and Adjustment Policies (MIMAP). Empirical results show wide disparities in levels of living in terms of economic and social indicators in rural and urban India. The comparison of the distribution with a similar survey conducted in 1975-76 shows the changes in the pattern of income distribution and the gap between the shares of income in rural and urban areas during the last two decades.

Revised Index of Industrial Production A Note

But behind the brahmin, lurks the priest and theologian. Security is articulated like a theology, a dogma with all its polemics. K Subrahmanyam is a strange moral figure. Nationalist, Honest. Disciplined. Someone who is hijacked and could write out his experiences as a lesson in several parts, instead of dining out on it. Perpetual obstetrician to the Indian state. But it is as a moral figure we must confront him. Now that the bomb is out of the basement, where does he stand? I try to understand the man as archetype, I feel he is the only one who can't quite qualify for an R K Narayan story. He belongs to a Rushdie-like Atomic Verses. I write a small sliver of fiction to capture his generation.

Raw Material for Planning

in the matter of federal transfers.
References [The author is grateful to Amaresh Bagchi for his comments,] Breton, A (1965): "A Theory of Government Grants", Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, Vol XXIV, No 2.

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