ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Meera KosambiSubscribe to Meera Kosambi

Indian Response to Christianity, Church and Colonialism

Meera Kosambi (1939-2015) was a sociologist who wrote on various subjects ranging from feminist history to urban ecology. We re-publish a Special Article written by her, on her definitive and well-recognised study of the 19th century Indian reformer Pandita Ramabai.

Kosmabi Special Issue.

This is with reference to the two articles we wrote for EPW’s special issue on D D Kosambi (July 26).

D D Kosambi: The Scholar and the Man

D D Kosambi enjoys a unique international identity as a brilliant, profound and original scholar who straddled many fields of knowledge where he made multiple scholarly contributions. This essay outlines the vastness of his intellectual canvas, provides a short biographical sketch and also describes some facets of a fascinating personality.

Anandibai Joshee

Retrieving a Fragmented Feminist Image Meera Kosambi Anandibai Joshee was the first Maharashtrian woman to leave Indian shores in the latter half of the 19th century for higher studies abroad to become the first Indian woman to qualify as a medical doctor. The Maharashtrian psyche remains captivated by the image of Anandibai as a submissive and obedient girl-wife who fulfilled her husband's visionary ambition for her. However, the series of images sketched by Anandibai's own words produce a self-portrait in which the submissive wife coexists with an intelligent woman dispassionately perceptive of herself and her society. This essay attempts to reach the 'real Anandibai and reclaim her fragmented feminism.

Continuities and Discontinuities in Maharashtra s Socio-Cultural Scene

Maharashtra's Socio-Cultural Scene Meera Kosambi Sometimes the past lives on into the present, sometimes it is transmuted and sometimes disrupted and recreated This theme of continuities and discontinuities in Maharashtra's social history was the theme of the Fifth International Conference on Maharashtra: Culture and Society.

Indian Response to Christianity, Church and Colonialism-Case of Pandita Ramabai

and Colonialism Case of Pandita Ramabai Meera Kosambi Pandita Ramabai's relationship with Christianity was a long and complex one influenced by many factors. On the one hand was dissillusionment with Hinduismpn the other, the attraction of a faith which promised salvation to all without discrimination. Ramabai saw her own conversion as a protest against the inherent discrimination against women in Hinduism, a protest which remained a personal statement without developing into a social protest.

Girl-Brides and Socio-Legal Change-Age of Consent Bill (1891) Controversy

Girl-Brides and Socio-Legal Change Age of Consent Bill (1891) Controversy Meera Kosambi The Age of Consent Bill enacted in 1891 formed a vital link in the movement for women's emancipation in the 19th century. The major women's issues of the time were abolition of child marriage, more humane treatment of widows and their right to remarry and education of women. The age of consent issue was integral to the child marriage question and the technical distinction between the two was often blurred in the actual controversy. The Consent Bill aimed to set a reasonable age limit below which a girl was considered to be incapable of giving consent to cohabitation and thus to ensure that her childhood was protected from physical coercion.

Images of Women and the Feminine in Maharashtra

in Maharashtra Meera Kosambi The series of international conferences on 'Maharashtra: Culture and Society' has, over the years, produced scholarship remarkable for its depth as well as breadth, allowing an appreciation of what is uniquely Maharashtrian while treating the region as a microcosm of the Indian subcontinent A report on the fourth conference which was devoted to the theme 'Images of Women and the Feminine in Maharashtra'.

The Colonial City in Its Global Niche

The Colonial City in Its Global Niche Meera Kosambi Urbanism, Colonialism, and the World Economy: Cultural and Spatial Foundations of the World Urban System by Anthony D King; London and New York, Routledge, 1990; pp xii + 185, price not mentioned.

Glory of Peshwa Pune

Glory of Peshwa Pune Meera Kosambi FEW Indian cities can boast of a past as dramatic as that of Pune which has encompassed, within a span of two and a half centuries from the early eighteenth century to the present, three major phases. Experiencing the first major spurt of growth for almost a century under the Peshwas (technically the hereditary prime ministers of the Maratha king based at Satara, but the de facto rulers of the vast Maratha dominions), Pune went into an initial decline after the Peshwa's fall at the hands of the British Government of Bombay in 1818. However, it was resurrected as the chief British military-civil cantonment in peninsular India. After the departure of the British, post-independence Pune thrives as an industrial centre in its own right, albeit forming an integral part of the Bombay-Pune urban-industrial belt, the largest in India. The first of these three phases in Pune's eventful history forms the subject' of B G Gokhale's book Poona in the Eigh- teenth Century: An Urban History.

Women, Emancipation and Equality-Pandita Ramabai s Contribution to Women s Cause

Pandita Ramabai's Contribution to Women's Cause Meera Kosambi Pandita Ramabai Saraswati's status as a solitary women leader of the movement for women's emancipation in nineteenth century Maharashtra and her contribution to that cause were eclipsed by the'storm over her conversion to Christianity and her consequent neglect by contemporary mainstream Hindu society. This essay attempts to assess Ramabai's role within the framework of her own social context.

In Search of the Indian Concept of Tradition

An attempt to bring the current of folk culture, hitherto delinked from the Maharashtrian tradition, back into the mainstream.
'TRADITION' is one of the much- discussed and essentially culture-specific concepts which have engaged the minds of scholars from a variety of disciplines. The Indian concept sees tradition as a perennially flowing current of folk culture, in contrast to the western concept which treats it as a remnant of the past. Folk culture in India is thus, far from being an exotic topic for isolated research, a living backdrop against which all major socio-cultural movements emerged and from which they drew sustenance. In fact, these movements, whether 'bhakti' or social reform, made conscious use of folk culture in order to create new traditions ecclectically. Thus we have the self- activated and self-perpetuating folk cultural tradition on the one hand, and the deliberately created and consciously activated movements on the other, both being an integral part of the same Indian, and Maharashtrian, tradition. This point was highlighted at the Third International conference on 'Maharashtra: Culture and Society; held at Heidelberg, Germany


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