ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Niranjan PantSubscribe to Niranjan Pant

Some Issues in Participatory Irrigation Management

This article shortlists the conditions for success of participatory irrigation management along with an analysis of the impediments in its path. It warns that all countries should be cautious of the financial allurements of funding agencies because PIM seems to suffer from a number of infirmities that cannot be easily resolved.

Control of and Access to Groundwater in UP

The huge growth of tube wells has been considered a turning point in the agricultural history of Uttar Pradesh. Although in terms of ownership of modern agricultural implements various data have shown that the backward caste people are racing ahead of the upper castes, even today marginal farmers, particularly the SCs/STs, find ownership of mechanical water extraction devices and modern agricultural implements out of reach. This paper points to a two-dimensional debate - one, those who hold that water markets lead to more egalitarian distribution of gains from groundwater development and the others who question the very premise of equity in water markets.

Trends in Groundwater Irrigation in Eastern and Western UP

This paper is based on a large resurvey of villages, after a gap of 20 years, in the eastern and western regions of Uttar Pradesh. Some of the findings from the study indicate that significant changes have taken place during these years in the two regions in respect of socio-economic features, role of groundwater irrigation including groundwater markets, productivity of crops and changing face of the rural elite. The most important trend is that the high-caste supremacy in terms of ownership of modern agricultural implements is on the wane, while backward castes are surging ahead in such ownership.

Development Agenda for Insurance Regulation

A sound national insurance market is an essential characteristic of economic growth. Insurance is a contingent service which, by reducing risks for economic agents, helps economic activity. Availability and affordability of insurance services for the weaker sections is also important for social development.

Water Management in India, China and Japan

Water Management in India, China and Japan Niranjan Pant Water Resource Management: Institutions and Irrigation Development in India by A Vaidyanathan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999;

Impact of Irrigation Management Transfer in Maharashtra

On the basis of available, sparse data this paper finds the functioning of water users' associations (WUAs) in Maharashtra beneficial on various fronts. Not only have the WUAs increased their irrigated area but also the water use efficiency has been found to be higher after the irrigation management was transferred to the members of WUAs. The WUAs have considerably improved the recovery of water charges thereby bringing revenue to the government. Moreover, the WUAs, by charging much higher amount from their water users, have accumulated funds for the maintenance of their micro structures and continue to survive and thrive even after management subsidy of the government has ceased to exist.

Indigenous Irrigation in South Bihar-A Case of Congruence of Boundaries

All over the world irrigation farmers' organisations have been very effective in irrigation management, both at project and farm levels. Farmers, acting collectively, rather than governments, have determined both procedures for distributing water and resolution of conflicts with other groups over the development of additional supplies.

Ground Water Depletion

THE findings of a recent study by the Administrative Staff College regarding depletion of ground water in the hard rock area* has caused a lot of flutter in the country, Questions were asked and concern was shown in parliament regarding the state of affairs. The study was conducted in Kolar district of Karnataka, Anantpur of Andhra Pradesh and Amravati of Maharashtra. It found that in Kolar, the ground water table in 50 per cent of the observation wells had lowered from 4.2 metres in 1976 to 8.1 metres in 1984. In Anantpur and Amravati, where the trends were fluctuating the level was less than 4.2 metres in 1975 and by 1985 it had gone down 6.95 metres.

Farmers Organisation in Large Irrigation Projects

Farmers' Organisation in Large Irrigation Projects Niranjan Pant The paper advocates the necessity of farmers' organisation at the watercourse level in large irrigation projects in India. The Utility of such an organisation is evidenced in the findings of the scholars all over the world. Despite various government pronouncements about the necessity of farmers' organisation, they are in a state of infancy in India. The relevant issues concerning farmers1 organisation which are required to be resolved before such organisations are built in to the irrigation projects are as follows: I) The Role of the Government/the Agency 2) Farmers' participation: before or after OFD Works 3) Single versus multi functions 4) One tier versus multi tier 5) Village based versus channel based 6) Lesions from indigenous systems. The paper outlines the factors contributing to the success of such an organisation. The factors deduced from a successful case of farmers' organisation studied by us earlier are: i) Good leadership; ii) Adequate and reliable water supply; iii) Greater interaction between the officials and the farmers; iv) Easy unanimity among group members; v) Inducement from the government/the agency; and vi) Legitimacy of the organisation.


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