ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Poromesh AcharyaSubscribe to Poromesh Acharya

The Early Years of a Communist in a Colonial East Bengal Town

The document is a rendering of excerpts from the autobiographical essay by Poromesh Acharya, “Ak Naasteek Breeddher Jabaanbandee” (“Statement of an Old Atheist”) that appeared in Anustup (Kolkata, Supplement 2, Autumn Issue, Bengali Year 1421 [2014]). The focus is on Acharya’s East Bengal years and his political activism of the 1940s in Mymensingh town—in particular, “baptism” in the communist movement and being thrust willy-nilly into the fire of revolutionary activity in that town in 1948–49 in the midst of ongoing Hindu–Muslim communal tension. Acharya sees individual roles, responsibilities, problems and troubles, including his own, in terms of institutional movements and contradictions. All through, there is an acute awareness that his life can only be meaningfully understood alongside the unfolding history of the society itself, as reflected in the anti-colonial movement, the Bengal Famine of 1943, the political path of Subhas Chandra Bose and his Forward Bloc, communal tension and partition, and the short-lived revolutionary programme of the Communist Party of India following its February 1948 Second Party Congress.

Education: Panchayat and Decentralisation

Since the 1950s, primary school education has seen a significant decline across certain regions of West Bengal. In this paper that focuses on three districts of the state, the sorry state of affairs that prevails in the panchayati system is largely to blame for the debacle. Panchayati raj institutions, instead of spearheading the decentralisation of the educational process, became a tool in the hands of the major political parties, which sought to implement populist policies like 'no detention' rather than bringing in a thorough revamp of the entire system.

End of the Congress: New Turn in Bengal Politics

The 1999 parliamentary election may well prove to be a turning point in West Bengal politics. The Congress and the CPI(M), it has been alleged, have come to a tacit understanding. True or not, it is a fact that the Congress is in no way a threat to the CPI(M). Mamata Banerjee is now the real enemy. At the same time, Mamata Banerjee's emergence as the principal opposition force is also an ominous sign.

Educational Ideals of Tagore and Gandhi-A Comparative Study

The fundamental difference in their attitude to life gets reflected in the educational writings of Gandhi and Tagore. If Tagore's artistic bent of mind prompted him to conceive of leisure as the core of meaningful life, Gandhi's value of manual labour made him emphasise work as the fruitful way of harnessing energies.

Bengali Bhadralok and Educational Development in 19th Century Bengal

Bengali 'Bhadralok' and Educational Development in 19th Century Bengal Poromesh Acharya Educational development in colonial India generally has been viewed as the work of the British rulers whose hidden agenda was to initiate a process of socialisation. In this paper it is argued that native elites not only participated actively in the process but also played a significant role in influencing colonial policy on education.

Problems of Universal Elementary Education

Poromesh Acharya The universalisation of elementary education not only means universal facilities, universal enrolment and universal retention, but also the availability of a universally high quality of teaching. This review of primary education the facilities available, enrolment and drop-out rates, and the quality of teaching shows that we are a long way from achieving the goal of universal primary education.

Elusive New Horizons Panchayats in West Bengal

West Bengal Poromesh Acharya In a bourgeois-democratic set-up, the panchayats as self-governing institutions will have to be guided by politics of social change if they are not to degenerate into political monsters.

Universal Elementary Education-Receding Goal

Receding Goal Poromesh Acharya While non-formal education is helpful in creating the ambience for literacy, it is no substitute for formal elementary education. The focus has to be on structural reorganisation and functional remodelling of the formal system of elementary education and linking it with development programmes.

Panchayats and Left Politics in West Bengal

Panchayats and Left Politics in West Bengal Poromesh Acharya WEST BENGAL is going for anotner panchayat election by the end of May 1993. The Left Front is sure to win the election with an overwhelming majority. West Bengal has a three-tier panchayat system. On June 4, 1978, after 14 years, direct elections were held to elect 56,000 representatives for 15 zilIa parishads, 324 panchayat samitis and 3,242 gram panchayats under the West Bengal Panchayat Act, 1973. According to the provisions of the 1973 Act, panchayats will have their normal terms of four years. It is to the credit of the Left Front government that panchayat elections are being held regularly since 1978.

Education and Communal Politics in Bengal-A Case Study

A Case Study Poromesh Acharya The relation between educational development and communal politics in Bengal during the 30s and 40s of this century is a fascinating subject which has not received the attention it deserves from scholars of either Bengal politics or development of education in Bengal. Communal politics in Bengal has been generally studied from the standpoint of land relations as an expression of land politics. This approach, while certainly not invalid, only partially explains the problem of communalism in Bengal. Communal differentiation as rooted in the realm of cultural identity remains still an autonomous reality which needs to be taken into account particularly in dealing with issues like education. Against this background, this paper deals with the communal tensions generated by the introduction of the Bengal Secondary Education Bill, 1940, in the Bengal legislative assembly during the period of provincial autonomy.

Unarmed Poet Who Became a Combatant

3 M Patibandla, 'Role of Large and Small Firms in India's Engineering Exports, EPW, Review of Industry and Management, May 28, 1988. Also, 'Firm Size and Export Behaviour: A Study of the Indian Engineering Industry', Discussion Paper No 45, ICRIER, New Delhi, 1987.

Is Macaulay Still Our Guru

Poromesh Acharya This paper examines the role of English in the Indian educational system, with special reference to Bengal, in a historical perspective. It stresses the role of the bhadralok, the urban gentry, in shaping the system of education. When Macaulay introduced English education and partitioned Indian society by creating a new caste of English educated gentry, Bengali bhadraloks hailed it and. by doing so helped in perpetuating the division. History shows that the importance of English could never be reduced at the tower level of education while retaining its pride of place at the higher level of education and in the commercial and administrative sphere.


Back to Top