ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by R B BhagatSubscribe to R B Bhagat

Development Impacts of Migration and Urbanisation

The issues of migration and urbanisation are much debated in development literature, but often their negative consequences compared to positive impacts are highlighted. The conceptual and theoretical dimensions of the relationship between migration, urbanisation and development have been summarised, and their potential and actual impact on development has been presented.

Migration, Gender and Right to the City

Since the 1970s, urbanisation across the globe has been shaped by corporate capital under the neo-liberal policies of the state. Cities are treated as consumer products with massive private investment in real estate, corporate and public infrastructure, entertainment facilities, and security, to promote corporate urban development. The urban poor, slum dwellers, and migrants are dispossessed as a result of urban restructuring and gentrification. This article evaluates women’s migration to urban areas, identifies exclusionary processes against migrants in cities, and suggests strategies for implementing the “right to the city” perspective.

Conditions of SC/ST Households

The economic and living conditions of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households have experienced changes during the phase of accelerated economic growth in the last decade based on 2001 and 2011 Census data. There has been considerable progress in the well-being of SCs and STs during the last decade, but the gap between SCs and STs and of both these groups and the rest of the population has widened.

Temporary and Seasonal Migration: Regional Pattern, Characteristics and Associated Factors

The regional pattern of temporary and seasonal labour migration in India assumes sharp focus when seen in the light of data from the 64th round of the National Sample Survey. The phenomenon is more prevalent in rural areas of the country's northern and eastern states. This paper also examines the association between temporary migration and its determining factors, particularly economic status, landholding and educational levels. It observes that there is a significant negative association between economic and educational attainment and temporary migration, both in rural and urban areas. In general, socio-economically deprived groups such as adivasis and those from the lower castes have a greater propensity to migrate seasonally, which also reflects its distress-driven nature.

Emerging Pattern of Urbanisation in India

According to the 2011 Census, urbanisation has increased faster than expected. This has reversed the declining trend in the growth rate of the urban population observed during the 1980s and 1990s. Also, for the first time since independence, the absolute increase in the urban population was higher than that in the rural population. This has huge implications for providing infrastructure and other civic amenities in urban areas.

Why Count Caste in the Census of 2011?

Satish Deshpande and Mary E John in “The Politics of Not Counting Caste” (19 June) argue very forcefully for the inclusion of caste in the 2011 Census. Various types of caste inequality and injustice still prevail in Indian society and caste continues to be an important social reality.

Demographic Transition or Demographic Trepidation? The Case of Parsis in India

The Parsi community in India is declining in absolute numbers since 1941. To what extent was this decline affected by enumeration, fertility decline or emigration? This article examines the relative importance of these factors in the light of the 2001 Census and demonstrates that the unprecedentedly low fertility among the Parsis is the prime contributor in its declining population size.

Caste Census

While the censuses in colonial India categorised and enumerated the various castes, the censuses in independent India only enumerate the population of castes and tribes according to the central government list. With the Supreme Court requiring fresh data on the other backward classes, how will the identification of the OBC from the 4,000 castes in the country be undertaken?

Space, Place and Fertility Behaviour

Fertility Behaviour Fertility Transition in South India, edited by Christophe Z Guilmoto and S Irudaya Rajan; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2005; pp 452 with 8 plates, Rs 895.

Hindu-Muslim Fertility Differentials

Although a Hindu-Muslim differential in fertility has persisted in India, it is no more than one child, and even this gap is not likely to endure as fertility among Muslims declines with increasing levels of eduation and standards of living. While the lower level of contraceptive use among Muslims is the most important factor responsible for the fertility differentials, the use of contraceptives has increased faster among Muslims in recent times. However, the relatively higher fertility among Muslims cannot be understood independent of its socio-economic and political contexts.

Fact and Fiction

Since 1901, passions have been inflamed after every census that the Hindus are becoming 'a dying race' in India. History is repeating itself in 2004. Those who abuse demography for communal ends do not recognise the facts: in recent years the rate of acceptance of family planning practices has been rising faster among Muslims than among the Hindus and fertility has been falling more rapidly among the Muslims. The articles in this special section examine various aspects of the ongoing controversy

Role of Census in Racial and Ethnic Construction

The recent census of Great Britain is only one example of the resurgence of racial and ethnic questions in censuses of western world. However, the US and Indian censuses adopted racial classification from the very beginning. An examination of the racial questions and categories in these censuses raises interesting issues.


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