ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Rajeswari S RainaSubscribe to Rajeswari S Raina

Water Governance Reform

The Mihir Shah Committee report demands a paradigm shift, bringing the ecosystems perspective to the ways water is governed in India. This article argues that these governance reforms, though essential, are not enough to enable the paradigm shift necessary for sustainability and ecological justice. But it may be a great place to begin. 

The Valuation Conundrum

Valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services is considered essential to formulate policies for sustainable development. But monetary valuation of BES reinforces the prevalent science-policy relationships that have led to the erosion of biodiversity. The livestock sector with multiple ecosystem services, valued for its contribution to the economy, strong policy and programme agendas, livestock breeding and maintenance sciences is used to illustrate the science-policy interface and the choices made for livestock improvement and for livestock biodiversity.

Situating Ethics in Technology and Science

Much of the problems associated with the application of technology can be traced to the absence of any social science input into the foundation or structuring of science research in our contemporary world. Civil society interventions are almost invariably seen as irritants to science, while Weberian experts are expected to understand the social impact of the adaptation of new technologies. Conversely, activists and political workers too are often innocent of the methodologies and demands of science. A greater cross-fertilisation between these two will benefit all.

Indo-US Knowledge Initiative

In an era of rapid changes in modes of knowledge production and utilisation, enslaving the formal scientific components of the Indian agricultural knowledge system to the demands of the US Land Grant colleges/universities and US multinational corporations will destroy scientific capability in the country.

Countering Seasonal Rural Problems

High inter- and intra-seasonal variance in well-being is the bane of the rural poor in less developed countries. This paper argues in favour of a season-sensitive information base to empower the rural population with capabilities to make decisions about their lives and their environment. Generation and use of information within the framework of seasonality of rural livelihoods (specific to the temporal and spatial context) is presented as a crucial input for sustainable development. Integrated participatory seasonal observations are the optimum amount of information that enables the rural population to analyse and explain, make decisions about and consciously change their livelihoods. Systems concepts inform all the critical stages of institutionalisation of an integrated participatory seasonal observation system (IPSOS), and participatory formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of counter-seasonal development projects. The IPSOS facility also has scope for participatory monitoring and evaluation of development.

Public Patronage and Political Neutrality in Agricultural Research-Lessons from British Experience

This paper takes afresh look at the evolution of the agricultural scientist and the public patronage of agricultural science in the developed nations, a significant by-product of the capitalist transformation of agriculture. The objective here is to examine how these institutions and actors in their new contexts within less developed economies, are endowed with the legacy of their evolution in capitalist agricultural contexts. The author argues that this legacy hampers effective functioning of these institutions and actors in serving the cause of development in their new contexts.

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