ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Constitutional and Political Predicament in Nepal

Ongoing political crisis in Nepal stems from the deep divisions in the polity across ideological orientations and along social, regional and personality fault lines. Decisions taken by the president, seemingly favouring the prime minister, entail violation of the constitutional scheme and parliamentary practices. India, driven by its immediate strategic interests to contain growing Chinese influence, seems to be tilting in favour of the prevailing authoritarian and unconstitutional regime.


Nepal's New Constitution

This article traces the political evolution of the new Constitution adopted by Nepal, lists its main features and explains the points of contention which have led to violent protests. It also delineates India's role in the entire process. It points out that the new Constitution of Nepal is a welcome move and provides the space for expanding rights and making it more inclusive.

The Ufa Fiasco

There have been two conflicting strategies within Pakistan relating to its India policy--the dominant hawkish one held by the military and a more conciliatory one often pushed by its civilian governments. The Ufa Joint Statement was an example of the latter but India let this opportunity slip from its hands. This was largely due to the fact that India's own Pakistan policy has now come to be dominated by hawks who consider dialogue with Pakistan fruitless.

Modi's Neighbourhood Initiative

The initial optimism about an improvement in bilateral relations with Pakistan and Nepal has largely evaporated. The Hurriyat imbroglio fi rst stalled the Pakistan initiative and with Nepal greater sensitivity needs to be demonstrated to the concerns of that country. Bureaucratic and political hurdles have to be fi rst overcome and the shadow of Hindutva hangs over India's ties with all of south Asia.

'Royal Coup' in Nepal

The challenge for India and the international community posed by the royal coup in Nepal is serious and complex. India cannot afford to see an outright military victory either for the Maoists or for the RNA. While the first may jeopardise India?s own internal security situation, particularly with regard to the Naxalites and the insurgents in the north-east, the second outcome may seal the fate of democracy in Nepal for a long time to come.

FOREIGN POLICY-New Face of Non-Alignment

New Face of Non-Alignment S D Muni THE Janata party had promised to Correct the imbalances in India's policy of non-alignment while campaigning for the March 1077 elections. The party leaders reiterated the promise alter assuming power and assured that they would pursue a 'genuine non- alignment, policy. The dimensions or such genuineness are now becoming evident.

NEPAL-A Three-way Deal

NEPAL A Three-way Deal?
S D Muni THE permission given by King Birendra to B P Koirala to go 'anywhere abroad' for medical treatment is more than a humanitarian gesture; it has significant political implications. While granting the permission, the King is believed to have indicated to Koirala that he was leaving the country as a free man, and suggested that he might even decide not to come back at all. But if he did, the charges against him still stood and the 'suspended' trial would be resumed. Thus the 'release' also means that Koirala should not think of resuming his political activities in Kathmandu. The King's action also avoids the risk of serious political consequences that might have resulted from any further deterioration in Koirala's health while under detention.

Kachchativu Settlement- Befriending Neighbouring Regimes

India's leadership has a clear stake in stabilising and consolidating the existing distribution of power, political patterns and strategies for socio-economic development in the South Asian region. Towards this goal, the Indian leadership is endeavouring to evolve a consensus, together with its counterparts in South Asia, on the issues of peace, security and stability that are vital to itself and also to the neighbouring regimes. As a natural corollary, India's leadership is keen to strengthen such governments in South Asia which would be amenable to its perception of the subcontinent and willing to work towards the evolution of the desired consensus. The removal of minor irritants like the Kachchativu territorial dispute is part of the movement towards achieving this consensus.

Ceylon, Nepal and the Emergence of Bangladesh

Consequent to the emergence of Bangla Desk, the power pattern in the subcontinent hasbeen restructured. India is now in a position of indisputable dominance in South Asia. In a way this is not a welcome development for India's smaller neighbours, including Ceylon and Nepal It invalidates their hitherto pursued strategy by restricting their diplomatic manoeuvrability within the region. It also deepens their existing psychological apprehension of India the 'colossus'.

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