ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Social Development in India

in India India: Social Development Report by Council for Social Development; published by Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006;
S MAHENDRA DEV Since independence, the government of India has claimed that it has wanted to work towards social development. On the eve of independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, while addressing the constituent assembly, declared that the independence meant the redemption of a pledge. But he also stated that this achievement

Policies and Programmes for Employment

The experience of the last 15 years has been that GDP growth has not been accompanied by a commensurate increase in employment. This article examines current policies and programmes for employment generation, along with an analysis of the trends and challenges. It also discusses direct employment programmes, including social security for unorganised workers.

Half-hearted Attention to Agriculture

Many more incentives, programmes and policy corrections than have been announced in the budget are required if yearly agricultural growth is to accelerate from 1.5 per cent to 4 per cent.

Food Processing and Contract Farming in Andhra Pradesh

This paper analyses various problems faced by the food processing sector in Andhra Pradesh, especially in instances of contract farming, with a focus on oil palm and gherkin. While contract farming has largely solved the problem of supply of quality raw material, cultivators of both crops have their own needs, which in some instances processors are unable or unwilling to meet. Oil palm growers, for instance, are keen on an assured minimum price while gherkin growers are totally dependent on export demand. Processors have also neglected the smaller farmers. Hence, some form of government intervention to ensure contracts are enforced and compiled with, is the need of the hour.

Agriculture and Rural Employment in the Budget

The finance minister has tried to balance economic reforms and social justice in tune with the Common Minimum Programme. However, given the degree of agrarian distress and problem of low wages and underemployment, the budget should have had a greater focus on and made higher allocations to agriculture and rural employment. Contrary to the claims, this, however, has not been the case. ?Bharat Nirman? is possible only if agriculture and employment are given their due share

Calorie Norms and Poverty

In recent years there has been considerable criticism of estimates of poverty in the country. However, estimating poverty using the direct method based on calorie norms gives absurd results such as the headcount ratio in the south being higher than in the BIMORU states and the highest in Tamil Nadu. There certainly is a need to revisit the methodology of estimating the poverty lines. But developing a methodology that exaggerates the poverty numbers is not the solution.

How to Make Rural India Shine

This paper examines some important indicators relating to rural India in the pre- and post-liberalisation periods and finds that rural India is not 'shining'. To make rural development more broad based and balanced, investment, technology and appropriate institutions are needed. Ten general areas where policy attention is required are outlined.

Krishna Raj: Tributes

Relationships Krishna Raj nurtured an abiding intellectual relationship between the EPW and the researchers at RBI without compromising the journal

Female Work Participation and Child Labour

This study examines female work participation and child labour rates using occupational data from NFHS and compares this data with the 2001 Census and NSS data. Attempts are made to identify the determinants of both female work participation and child labour. It is found that the larger the size of the family, the lower is the ability of a woman to participate in economic activity. Household size is not a determining factor for the participation of children in the workforce.

Agriculture, Employment and Social Sector Neglected

The 2003-04 Budget fails to address the major problems of agriculture, employment generation and the social sector.

Macroeconomic Scene: Performance and Policies

This paper examines the state's macroeconomic performance and policies in terms of economic growth and human development. The macroeconomic performance in the last two decades is evaluated with the focus on the 1990s. How has Andhra Pradesh performed over time? And how does the state's performance and status compare with those of the other major states and the country as a whole?

Employment and Unemployment

The authors analyse the nature of the employment problem in Andhra Pradesh based on recent trends in employment and unemployment and in the quality of employment. Against the backdrop of projections of employment up to 2020, policies for promotion of employment are explored.

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