ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Sunil ManiSubscribe to Sunil Mani

Technology Acquisition and Development-Case of Telecom Switching Equipment

The purpose of the paper is to analyse the direct economic costs of technology import in one of the important components of the telecom equipment industry viz. the switching equipment industry It also analyses the efforts made by the state-owned ITI towards absorbing imported technology and developing local capabilities. The analysis shows that successive imports have been effected at a high cost and its subsequent assimilation has been extremely tardy with the result that technological dependence in the industry has been extremely high. Though the industry has one of the highest research intensities, much of the R and D effort has gone towards adaptation of the inappropriate technologies that have been imported. The country has moved across the technological frontier but this has been done without properly absorbing previously imported technologies. Development of local capabilities consistent with the usage pattern existing in the country has received serious attention only with the creation of C-DOT THE distinguishing feature of the telecom sector in India is that both the manufacturing of telecom equipment ax well as the distribution of telecom services have been entirely the monopoly of the state. The manufacturing sector is further sub-divided into switching, transmission and terminal equipment, The virtual monopoly of the state in all these areas has been eroded with the recent deregulation of certain segments of the manufacturing sector allowing private sector investments into these for the first time. The distribution sector too has undergone a major restructuring with the distribution of telecom services in the metropolitan cities of New Delhi and Bombay being vested under a separate corporation. Adnfinistratively too the creation of the Telecom Commission is another recent change.

Enigma of the Tyre Industry

and operation of unauthorised stock exchanges should be banned since they are harmful to the investor's interests. Furthermore, since unauthorised stock exchanges are not subject to any discipline, they tend to spread rampant speculative activity and entice genuine investors to participate in it. The country should have only authorised stock exchanges .

Small Sector Scores in In-House R and D

The kind of R and D in Indian industries which has resulted in the development of new products and processes has been concentrated in the small-scale sector. A majority of the licensees of NRDC, which has exclusive rights to license CSIR technologies, are also small-scale units. On the other hand, much of the R and D undertaken by large firms has been in the nature of adapting imported technology.

Concentration and Marketpower in Indian Automotive Tyre Industry

Automotive Tyre Industry Sunil Mani Though industrial concentration at the firm and business house levels has been studied, no attempt has so far been made, in the relevant literature, to relate effects of rising concentration to market conduct variables like the pricing behaviour of firms.

Price Movements for an Agricultural Raw Material with Inventory Adjustments-Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s

Material with Inventory Adjustments Case of Indian Natural Rubber Market in 1970s Sunil Mani This paper analyses intra-year variations in natural rubber prices during the 1970s, taking production, consumption and the share of manufacturers' stocks to total stocks as explanatory variables. Incorporation of the stock variable is an innovation in the analysis of commodity price movements, specifically those of an agricultural raw material.

Conflicts in Natural Rubber Market

Sunil Mani THE price of mixed lot rubber in the Kottayatn rubber market touched .an all-time high of Rs 18.75 per kg on May 13, 1983.* The prolonged drought in Kerala has led to a fall in production of natural rubber (NR) (though the precise fall is yet to 'be officially estimated) and hence to depletion of stocks with growers and dealers. This factor, together with the alleged speculative buying by automotive tyre manufacturers (who are the dominant consumers of NR) for fear of nonavailability of rubber, seems to have pushed up the price.

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