ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by T Ravi KumarSubscribe to T Ravi Kumar

World-class Universities

Recent developments in the University of Delhi suggest that, while there is no coherent national policy on higher education, Indian industry certainly does have a detailed operational blueprint. The university has been targeted for inclusion in the second tier within the corporate framework of a differentiated academic system and, consequently, high quality academic output is no longer required from it.

Linguistic Diversity and Disparate Regional Growth

Disparate regional growth in India has seen economically faster growing "minority" cultural groups demanding a change in the horizontal devolution formula instituted in the federal system. This has created the possibility of friction between majority and minority cultural groups in the union of states. A new multicultural approach towards federalism is therefore necessitated which takes cognisance of this fact.

Pay Structure in Higher Education: Some Issues

The pay review committee constituted by University Grants Commission has to ensure that the pay structure it recommends for teachers in higher education is in consonance with the role envisaged for this sector in India's socio-economic development process. The pay profile has to incorporate adequate promotional avenues and be wholly at par with competing professions.

Tax Devolution and Regional Disparities

The changes introduced by the Twelfth Finance Commission in the horizontal devolution formula determining the inter se tax shares of individual states have effectively reduced its progressivity at a time when regional disparities are worsening. Equity considerations necessitate greater utilisation of criteria that reflect the variations in the levels of regional development, if the poorer states are to overcome differentials in revenue capacity by obtaining a larger share in Finance Commission awards.

Liberalisation and Growth

for the relatively poor growth Liberalisation and Growth Regional Industrial Growth under Economic Liberalisation: A Case Study of Selected Issues with Reference to Kerala State by K K Subrahmanian; Manak Publications, New Delhi,

Downsizing Higher Education

The issues involved in the turmoil in higher education - sustained autonomy, maintenance of academic standards, greater availability and accessibility to deprived and weak sections of society - are fundamental to the continued health of the higher education system of the country. The declining importance being assigned to this sector, in stark contrast to developed countries, has created disparities that are increasing over time. The ongoing process of dismantling the higher education system in the country has to be reversed if the gap between India and the developed countries is to be bridged.

Centre-State Transfer of Resources

The strategy of freezing the population factor to 1971 levels in deciding Finance Commission awards has been successful in denying states with higher rates of growth of population the benefit of a larger proportion of resources. The penalised states, however, include most of the least developed regions of India. Moreover, this policy dilutes the importance of the population as an indicator of the needs of a state; it also lacks an explicit mechanism to encourage states to curb high rates of growth of population.

Regional Development Criteria and Horizontal Devolution under the Finance Commission Awards

This paper examines the progressivity of the formulae determining the horizontal sharing of taxes in the last four Finance Commission awards and the criteria constituting the formulae in terms of shares accruing to different income categories. The paper also attempts to determine changes in progressivity brought about by the different Finance Commissions.

Public Investment and Regional Disparities

This article relates investment in central non-departmental undertakings to the populations and per capita incomes of 14 major states for the period 1965-66 to 1994-95. Though the shares of states in these investments have fluctuated, the richer states have drawn the highest proportions of investments while the poorest states have had to make do with the least.

Rastogi Committee Pay Structure Disincentives-Reinforced

Reinforced T Ravi Kumar Badri Raina The central paradox of policy on higher education since 1985 resides in the two opposed stipulations that policymakers have wished to impose on the country's teachers: acquire degree after degree, eligibility after eligibility, if any career advancement is desired; simultaneously, learn to jettison all pretensions to thinking.

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