ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ahmedabad's BRT System

A Sustainable Urban Transport Panacea?

The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission and the National Urban Transport Policy have given a boost to bus rapid transit systems in many Indian cities and Ahmedabad's Janmarg is the largest such network now in operation. This paper shows that while catering to latent transport demand, Janmarg has not promoted inclusivity or encouraged a shift away from private motorised transport. It has also given short shrift to non-motorised transport systems, which are important for inclusivity and for reducing the city's carbon footprint. The study raises the pertinent question of whether public transport ought to be viewed as a technological fix or as part of a wider solution of urban or social issues.

This research was part of a project titled “Promoting Low-Carbon Transport in India” and is from a larger report titled “Sustainability and Social Accessibility of Bus Rapid Transit in India”. The project was managed by the United Nations Environment Programme and UNEP Riso Centre and funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Germany. The paper expresses the authors’ views and not of their institution.

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