ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Between Tradition and Modernity

Nizams, Colonialism and Modernity in Hyderabad State

The British colonial state in India ensured that the princely states were picturised as backward enclaves that kept alive an older feudal polity characterised by autocracy and underdevelopment, while British India moved towards modernity and capitalist development. However, the reality was that while the princes appeared superficially to enshrine an exotic Oriental past in their courtly and private life, the general development was carried out on the line of the colonial model. The ideological boundaries between the princely states and British territories were fluid and there was visible cross-pollination between the sociocultural and political issues and movements of the two territories. In fact, the colonial state used a number of methods to produce the effect of colonial power in the princely states. The coastal Andhra ruling class has continued a similar strategy after the formation of Andhra Pradesh state in order to subordinate the people of Telangana.

We thank an anonymous reviewer, Robert Fildes (Lancaster University), and Lilian de Menezes (City University London) for their comments that resulted in greatly improving this article. Any errors are our responsibility.

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