ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

Population, Health Status, and the Sustainable Development Goals

Emerging Indications from NFHS-5

The fact sheets with key results of the National Family Health Survey-5, conducted in 2019–21, from 36 states/union territories were released recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. In this article, the authors highlight the emerging population and health issues from the NFHS-5 to monitor the country’s progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and the key policy issues to strengthen the population and health programmes in the country.


The main objective of the National Famil Health Survey (NFHS) has been to provide high-quality data on health and family welfare and other emerging issues. Five rounds of the NFHS (1992–93, 1998–99, 2005–06, 2015–16, an­­­­­­­d 2019–20) have been successfully completed in India. All the rounds of the NFHS have been conducted by the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai as the national nodal agency, with technical support from ICF United States (US) and implemented under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India. The NFHS-5, implemented during 2019–21, was successfully completed despite two waves of COVID-19 by temporarily halting the survey in the second-phase states and union territories (IIPS and Macro International 2021). This article presents the important findings on India’s population and health status based on the fact sheet indicators.

The NFHS-5 sample is designed to provide national, state/union territory, and district-level estimates of various indicators that are critical to monitor the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on population, health, nutrition, and gender equality, among others. How­ever, some indicators like sexual behaviour, women’s work, HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, pra­ctices, domestic violence, and men’s health are provided only at the state/union territory and national levels. The content and definitions are similar to other rounds to allow for comparisons over time. However, the NFHS-5 has been expanded to include new issues such as the extent of preschool education, disability, access to a toilet facility, death registration, bathing practices during menstruation, and methods and reasons for abortion. The scope of clinical, anthropometric, and bio­chemical (CAB) testing has been exp­an­ded to include measurement of waist and hip circumferences and malaria testing.

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here


To gain instant access to this article (download).

Pay INR 50.00

(Readers in India)

Pay $ 6.00

(Readers outside India)

Updated On : 4th Feb, 2022
Back to Top