ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Development of Scientific Disciplines in a Transnational Context

Disciplines and Movements: Conversations between India and the German-speaking World edited by Hans Harder and Dhruv Raina, Hyderabad: Orient BlackSwan, 2022; pp 276, `1,115.

Disciplines and Movements: Conver­sations between India and the German-speaking World edited by Hans Harder and Dhruv Raina, is a recent publication in the field of transnational studies between India and German-speaking countries in scientific–historical contexts. This is a unique under­taking to overcome the almost para­digmatically established notions of cultural influences and exchanges, of scientific cooperation and direct and indirect participation in the genesis of scientific disciplines, especially at the beginning of the 20th century. Both commentators, Anil Bhatti and Jürgen Renn, agree that the antho­logy brings about a paradigm shift in the well-established comparative and trans­national studies between India and German-speaking countries, and indeed within the framework of the disciplinary unfolding of the sciences and their participation in the globalisation of science and the production of knowledge. The overarching context of this project, in which authors from different scientific disciplines are involved, is undoubtedly the “globalization of knowledge in the age of disciplinary sciences,” as framed by Renn, which prompts the development of scienti­fic disciplines in a transnational context.

Most of the articles in this anthology examine the disciplinary development of some of the modern sciences such as physics, psychology, Indology, and engineering at the turn of the century and the beginning of the 20th century, pri­marily to justify how the scientific disci­plines are developed not only in a national but also in a global or universal framework. The transnational genesis and further development of disciplines should essenti­ally contribute to the globalisation of knowledge. Some essays point to how cul­tural differences and similarities, con­for­mities and non-conformities, etc, influence, even determine, the discipli­narity of science and its historicity. Accordingly, the theoretical reflections on disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity should initially serve as a propaedeutic to the project.

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Updated On : 11th Dec, 2023
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