ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Stability, Counter-revolution, and the International Order in Sri Lanka

In the aftermath of the popular uprising of 9 July 2022 in Sri Lanka, the counter-revolutionary regime led by Ranil Wickremesinghe and backed by the party of the disgraced ex-President, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, has sought to suppress further dissent. The West has extended cover to the government, legitimising its support with rhetoric about stability. But amid global unravelling, Sri Lanka’s crisis demands a new framework to grasp the tremendous changes occurring in the country.

The author thanks Ahilan Kadirgamar for feedback and support.

In his analysis of the neo-liberal counter-revolution of the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United Kingdom (UK), Stuart Hall (1980) summarised a long line of Marxist debate about crisis. He reiterated that economic crisis does not directly translate into a political outcome. Or as Hall (1980: 162) put it,

Crises are “over-determined in principle.” They cannot be “read off” from the econo­mic. They are subject to a variety of possible forms of resolution, depending on how the relations of force develop and combine, in particular national societies, under specific conditions.

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