ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

KarnatakaSubscribe to Karnataka

Community Pressure for Higher Quality of Education

For achieving a higher quality of education in rural areas, in addition to providing for physical infrastructure and teachers, community participation is equally important. In case of Tirthahalli, a high literacy taluk in Shimoga, Karnataka, it is found that community provides not merely physical and human facilities, but also exerts pressure on the teachers to achieve higher quality of education. Therefore, it is not just sufficient for a community to have trust, networks and norms to form social capital, rather it needs an ability to visualise the importance of education and translate it into action for achieving a higher quality of education. In Shimoga this has resulted in community pressure on teachers to achieve higher quality of education. The reasons for the high levels of community pressure can be traced back to the participation of people in various spheres of activities such as intellectual, political and apolitical movements in the region, since times past.

Karnataka: Hindutva Policies in Coastal Region

In recent years, a new confident Hindutva has enforced its presence in several districts of coastal Karnataka, seeking to consolidate its base among diverse castes. Yet, to combat the bonds of economic cohesion and cultural cohabitation that still retain their resilience among communities - Hindu and Muslim, this new Hindutva will need to continually build new identities and deconstruct existing ones.

Women's Education in Western Ghats Regions of Karnataka

Women's education in the Western Ghats region in Karnataka has a long history. The region has seen several efforts in this direction by the local rulers as far back as 1854 and later the state governments. While Wood's Despatch of 1854 brought many reforms in education in India this was followed by various commissions and committees which gave a fillip to women's education. After 1956 and up to 1976 these initiatives were part of development programmes implemented with the active participation of NGOs to empower women, especially tribal women. After 1976 mass literacy campaigns, environmental and women's movements have contributed extensively to the progress of women's education. This region of Karnataka has also seen considerable private investment in women's education.

Water Markets : Public Resource and Private Appropriation

The emergence of water markets has been a consequence of the popular use of groundwater and now increasingly surface water resources for irrigation. But as this paper explains, while this may have helped raise agricultural output, it has also seen a widening of rural inequalities and has had an adverse impact on the interests of small and marginal farmers and other weaker sections of society.

Fertility Transition in Karnataka

Using data from official statistics, census and surveys, this paper traces fertility transition of Karnataka and explains factors responsible for slow pace in comparison to other south Indian states. There exist considerable regional disparities with regard to health and demographic indicators. Fertility decline has been faster in southern and coastal regions, and at a tardy pace in backward northern districts characterised by low literacy, low female age at marriage, poor health infrastructure and low status of women.

Culture of Agriculture

Harbingers of Rain: Land and Life in South India by A R Vasavi; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999; pp xiv+178, Rs 325.

Drought in Karnataka

Karnataka is reeling under its worst drought in 10 years in the wake of the failure of the south-west monsoon. The symptoms were visible two months ago, but the state machinery is only now gearing up to tackle the situation, even as incidents of crop loss, cattle deaths, and mass migration of labour come to the fore. The state has sought financial assistance from the centre, but the question is how efficiently the money is spent and whether it reaches the needy. Ultimately, however, only long-term measures, such as rejuvenating the natural resource base, will help to tackle the scourge of drought.

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