ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Whither Justice?

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 is heralded as a transformative legislation but in actual practice, its performance is dismal, especially in conferring community forest rights. It is argued that instead of putting the onus on the gram sabhas to file the claims, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs should address this issue in a mission mode and urgently publish the list of eligible gram sabhas along with the CFR potential, which would help in the adequate realisation of community forest rights.

Evaluating India's Entrepreneurship Policy

Research Radio is a podcast on which we discuss research published in the Economic and Political Weekly

When a Student Drops Out

An alarming number of dropouts suggests an inadequate implementation of the reservation policy.

FCR 2022: An Attempt to Subvert the Power of Gram Sabhas

A centralised and single-window clearance process would facilitate the diversion of forests for non-forest purposes.

The Limbu–Tamang Communities of Sikkim

Since its merger in 1975 with the Indian union, one of the major sociopolitical issues in Sikkim has been the demand for reservation in the state legislative assembly for two communities—Limbu and Tamang. The demand of reservation for the Limbus and Tamangs crystallised in Sikkim when these communities were notifi ed as Scheduled Tribes under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 2002. The history and future of this political demand has been analysed.

Thenga Pali

Forest communities in India and elsewhere are central to protecting forests and forest resources.

Is Ambedkar’s Prejudice against ‘Tribe’ a Settled Matter?

A challenge is mounted against the widespread assumption that Ambedkar was prejudiced against “tribe,” by revealing acts of academic carelessness that occur in the writings of some scholars through the cherry-picking of quotes and failure to historically contextualise the same. Some such popular (mis)quotes and Ambedkar’s writings on tribe over a period of time are investigated, taking into account both their immediate and larger historical context, to argue that there are better ways to make sense of Ambedkar’s stance on the subject.

 

Reservations, Efficiency, and the Making of Indian Constitution

The notion that reservation is contrary to efficiency and merit has been invoked consistently. Even the Supreme Court of India seems to have agreed withthis proposition in  some judgments, as it held that Article 16(4), which provides for reservation in services, would be limited by Article 335, which mentions the term “efficiency of administration” in the Constitution. This paper explores the Constituent Assembly Debates to show that the Constitution framers did not subject reservations to the test of efficiency or merit. In addition, “efficiency of administration” mentioned under Article 335 cannot be treated as an exclusionary construct, as it was done in pre-independence era.

 

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