ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The She in Science

Who and where are the women doing science in India? Two science writers set out on a journey to collect stories that counter the popular narrative of science being the domain of old bearded men.

IITs and the Project of Indian Democracy

Technological education in India has privileged the demands of the market and industry, while ignoring the demands of democracy to create an egalitarian society. The engineer is trained to "make" and "innovate" for a growing economy without understanding the social processes that produce certain "demands" in the first place, or considering how goods manufactured are to be distributed fairly in an unequal society. To make a successful journey from passive suppliers of technology to thought leaders on the question of India's development, the Indian Institutes of Technology must respond to the dominant discourse on development and articulate paradigmatic ideas on what development ought to be for India's democratic project.

Questions on the Technologies of Fascism

The phenomenal rise to power of Narendra Modi illustrates how his image—mediated by technology—was shaped and reshaped. Some facets of Modi’s fashioned persona are scrutinised in the article. The internet, particularly the social media, which was expected to revitalise the public sphere to bring about a new civic culture, has instead allowed for the selective return of the “written word” in support of fascist ideology. The cyberspace, along with the mass media, has enabled the coming together of many virtual “participants” to hurl masculinist abuse and silence their opponents.

Drought Impact and Vision for Proofing

There is an urgent need to fine-tune drought relief policies, besides making their implementation time-efficient, depoliticised and accountable. Improving the government's total expenditure on agricultural programmes will not only hold up the sector's performance in the event of a monsoon failure, but will also boost its contribution to economic growth and poverty alleviation.

Technological Innovations in Small Enterprises

The level of development of a region in terms of educational and technological infrastructure influences the internal and external factors contributing to technological innovations of enterprises. This paper reports a comparative study probing the nature and dimensions of technological innovations carried out by small engineering enterprises in north-east England and in the Bangalore urban district. The pattern of technological innovations in the two regions, the similarities and dissimilarities are analysed.

Building Innovation Capability

Industrialisation and Innovation: The Indian Experience by Nasir Tyabji; Sage Publications,New Delhi, 2000; pp 162, Rs 595.

Foreign Direct Investment in India in the 1990s

This paper documents the trends in foreign direct investment in India in the 1990s, and compares them with those in China. Noting the data limitations, the study raises some issues on the effects of the recent investments on the domestic economy. Based on the analytical discussion and comparative experience, the study concludes by suggesting a realistic foreign investment policy.

Work Organisation and Employment Contracts

In this paper we have examined the impact of technological modernisation on the contractual relationships between the workers and their union and the management within a firm. This calls for an examination of the internal organisation of the firm as a nexus of several treaties among its active agents. These treaties are likely to change with the changes in the production technology. Our study relates to some selected organised textile firms in India.

Restoring Conceptual Independence to Technology

Neither of the prevailing views of technology - as violently subjugating nature or as a derivative of science - quite describes the way technology is actually practised. A bird's-eye view of science and technology can only lead to a misunderstanding of the relation between the two. This essay looks at the relationship from the point of view of a practising technologist, taking as its starting point a better understanding of the design process and the design paradigm.

Impact of Trade Unions, Employment and Technology on Wages

This study, covering a two-decade period, shows that on the whole trade unions have experienced an erosion in their strength. Also, with the introduction of new technology in the cotton textile industry, the tussle is now between workers and machines, with mills acquiring sophistication and cutting production costs through reduced employment.

Science and Reason vs Unreason

The recent decision by US president George W Bush to stop federal funding of human embryonic stem cell research, apparently on the advice of the Pope, can be seen in the light of the age-old struggle between the idealistic and materialistic approaches to science. The conflict between the two ideologies continues despite the phenomenal growth of science and technology. A study of the 'political' aspect of this struggle can help us unravel its true meaning.

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